Wireless Sensor Networks For Early Forest Fire Detection
Wireless Sensor Networks for Early Forest Fire Detection Introduction Forest fires, also known as wild fires, are uncontrolled fires occurring in wild areas and cause significant damage to natural and human resources. Forest fires eradicate forests, burn the infrastructure, and may result in...
Wireless Sensor Networks for Early Forest Fire Detection
Forest fires, also known as wild fires, are uncontrolled fires occurring in wild areas and cause significant damage to natural and human resources. Forest fires eradicate forests, burn the infrastructure, and may result in high human death toll near urban areas. Common causes of forest fires include lightning, human carelessness, and exposure of fuel to extreme heat and aridity. It is known that in some cases fires are part of the forest ecosystem and they are important to the life cycle of indigenous habitats. However, in most cases, the damage caused by fires to public safety and natural resources is intolerable and early detection and suppression of fires deem crucial.
Apart from preventive measures, early detection and suppression of fires is the only way to minimize the damage and casualties. Thus, the most critical issue in a forest fire detection system is immediate response in order to minimize the scale of the disaster. This requires constant surveillance of the forest area. Therefore, there is a need for a scalable solution that can provide real-time fire detection with high accuracy. We believe that wireless sensor networks can potentially provide such solution. Recent advances in sensor networks support our belief that they make a promising framework for building near real time forest fire detection systems. Currently, sensing modules can sense a variety of phenomena including temperature, relative humidity, and smoke which are all helpful for fire detection systems. Moreover, recent protocols make sensor nodes capable of organizing themselves into a self-configuring network, thus removing the overhead of manual setup. Large-scale wireless sensor networks can be easily deployed using aeroplanes at a low cost compared to the damages and loss of properties caused by forest fires.
Xiuge Tech. composed the traditional front end equipment of Pan tilt cameras, thermal imaging etc. with the wireless sensor networks. That is a complete monitoring system with the front end equipment and the back end management.
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