Commonly used fire fighting tactics

- Jan 18, 2018 -

Commonly used fire fighting tactics


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1. "Single point breakthrough, two-pronged assault" tactics. Firefighting team breaks into the fire from a certain location, divided into two routes and finally encircled. The selection of the breakthrough point is the key of this tactics, generally is to choose the closet side of the main flames to breakthrough,  arrange more firefighters for the strong fire side and less firefighters on the weak side. This characteristics: breakthrough point is few, only when the danger and possibility of sudden changes of the fire is small can use this tactics, but because the capacity of firefighting team is limited, large-scale fire should not be used.


2. Multi point breakthrough - encirclement tactics. This is a practical tactic to quickly segment the fire. During the firefighting, several firefighting teams (groups) select more than two breakthrough points and then conduct "one point two sides" operations. All breakthrough points formed a divide-by-single situation that divided the entire fire into several locations and then suppression the fire quickly. The characteristic of this tactic: many breakthrough points, more manpower, once they all start together, each firefighting team (group) will have shorter lines and higher efficiency, so it is a commonly used tactic.


3. Assault with surrounded by all sides tactics. This is a practical tactic to use sufficient force to beat the initial fire and a small area of fire. Mainly using all the troops to fight the fire by surrounding it , both fluttering the fire head and also taking into account the overall situation to put out the fire. More manpower in the strong side than the weaker side, more manpower in the downwind fire than the upwind and side fire, more manpower of the up mountain fire than the down mountain fire.


4. One shock, full line control tactics. This tactic is to deploy all the troops on one or both sides of the fire line. They will try their best to flutter the open fire and do not clean up the ember temporarily nor leave follow-up troops. All they do is to try their best to extinguish the open fire within a short time to control the situation in the fire scene, and then organize to eliminate the residual fire. The distance of "one impact" is generally about 500-500 meters in slopes, 150-200 meters in dangerous places and about 500 meters in woodland. Most of this tactics are used when the danger is threaten to the life and property of the country and people in the residential areas and important facilities.


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