Russia experienced rare high temperature and drought weather in the summer of 2010. On July 29, the capital Moscow reached a record high temperature of 39°C, making July 2010 the warmest month in the region since weather records began. Moscow, the capital, has been shrouded in smoke.
Affected by the continuous high temperature and drought weather, Russia destroyed 90,000 square kilometers of crops and it is estimated that less than 10 million tons of Russian grain will be produced in 2010. In order to curb domestic grain prices and ensure food reserves for 2011, Russia will stop its exports from August 15 to December 31, 2010, and as a result, the global food supply will decrease.
The Russian grain export ban pushed up international prices. The country's cereal federation said it was the worst drought in 130 years. Russia's grain exports have dropped at least 30%. From July 30 onwards, the situation of forest fires in Russia is even more severe with more than 7,000 fire points and 21,000 people involved in fire fighting. According to data from August 9, a forest fire has killed 53 people, destroyed more than 2,000 houses and left over 3,000 homeless.